A team of research from Italy’s northeastern university SISSA may have found a new perception which may shed some legitimate insight into the long-lost conception of Dark Matter. The statistical studies have shown results which interconnect Dark matter with ordinary matter. The results are certainly not within the limits of the standard models of physics. The results are quite obvious but cannot be understood in a trivial way within the existing framework of the standard model. The statistical analysis of mini-spiral galaxies has shown results which may lead to a completely new kind of physics, where the phenomenon such as Dark Matter and Dark energy can be explained.
Well, to start with what are mini-spiral galaxies, let me clarify that they are not very much different from ours and in fact resembles our galaxies, only 10 times smaller. Dark Matter has been a mystery for a long time even to some of the most prominent astrophysicists and cosmologists. Dark matter is so mysterious lies in the fact that it doesn’t emit electromagnetic radiation or even interact with it. Even using some of the most sophisticated equipment; it was only detected through its gravitational waves. Most dark matter, according to the most reliable postulates, would be non-baryonic or WIMP. It would not interact with ordinary matter except through gravitational force. But these studies have completely disagreed with this notion.
In these groundbreaking statistical study, for the first time, these elements were been studied statistically. A method was loomed which expunged the “individual” changeability of each object, thus enlightening the general characteristics of the class. A total of 36 galaxies studied, which was sufficient enough for a statistical study. By doing this an association between the structure of ordinary, or luminous matter like stars, dust, and gas, with the dark matter were found. The objects which were observed gave an outcome that the structure of the dark matter mimics the visible matter in its own way. Professor Paulo Salucci, the head of the research team explained, “If, for a given mass, the luminous matter in a galaxy is closely compacted, so it is the dark matter. Similarly, if the former is more widespread than in other galaxies, so is the latter.”
How this discovery is different when compare with the standard model of physics? Standard Model of physics deals with some of the most fundamental concepts of physics. It is one of the most generally accepted theories among the renowned physicists. It explains essential forces (particles and matters), however, it itself has some noteworthy qualms, as it does not include the gravitational force. Phenomenon such as dark matter and dark energy makes it clear to the scientists that there is yet another spot left in physics to be explored and apprehend.
From the aforementioned discussion, we can be sure that even in the largest spiral galaxies there are effects similar to the ones we observed and realize every day in our life. But they are signals that we can only explain using the outline of the Standard Model through astrophysical processes within galaxies. With mini-spirals, however, there is no simple explanation. These 36 items are the tip of the iceberg of a phenomenon that we will probably find everywhere and that will help us discover what we cannot yet see. “From our observations, the phenomenon, and thus the necessity, is incredibly obvious. At the same time, this can be a starting point for exploring this new kind of physics,” continues Salucci.